Writing / January 16, 2024/

What is An Explanatory Assignment? Everything You Need to Know

Oh, stop, stop?

Are you looking for a comprehensive guide that entails in detail what an explanatory assignment is and what sections are included?

If yes, then you have landed at the right place!

In this blog post, we are going to tell you everything about the Explanatory assignment you’re looking for.

We are going to clarify all your queries and doubts by explaining in detail all the aspects of the expository assignment, such as its purpose, types, and outline.

All you have to do is read every instruction carefully and seek assistance from our assignment writing experts if you need more clarification.

So, let’s get started by learning the definition of an Explanatory assignment and its ultimate purpose.

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What Is an Explanatory Assignment?

Before you learn more about explanatory assignments and their types, it is essential to understand their basic concept.

“Explanatory assignment, also known as an expository assignment, is a kind of academic writing that aims to explain in detail a particular concept or topic in a clear and concise manner.”

This type of assignment aims to answer “WH” and “How to” Queries. While penning it down, the writers are required to provide options on a particular topic, event, subject, or situation from various primary and secondary sources.

When composing an expository assignment, your main objective as a writer should be to offer thorough information on a clearly defined explanatory topic. Avoid taking anyone’s side or attempting to influence readers with a single perspective. Instead, aim to present a balanced view, acknowledging both sides of the issue while refraining from criticism.

Furthermore, your expository assignment should leave readers with a complete and clear understanding of the subject. It should provide insights into the reasons behind specific occurrences and other relevant aspects such as causality and context.

Purpose of Explanatory Assignments

The primary objective of expository writing is to provide knowledge to the reader. Although it may also have the incidental effects of entertaining or persuading the reader, these are not the primary goals of the author.

A well-crafted expository writing showcases the author’s expertise on the subject matter and often highlights their journey of acquiring knowledge about the topic.

For instance, consider the task of composing an assignment about a scientific experiment conducted in your class.

In this assignment, you will start by introducing the experiment and its purpose. Subsequently, within the body paragraphs, you would meticulously examine each step involved in the experimental process, including hypothesis formation, data collection, analysis, and drawing conclusions. Finally, in the concluding section, you will present the results of the experiment and their significance.

Your assignment on the scientific experiment does not seek to argue whether the results were desirable or not. Rather, its main objective is to analyse the systematic process your class followed to conduct the experiment and to convey how scientific investigations are carried out.

In essence, your assignment would convey facts and methodologies, focusing on objective presentation rather than offering subjective opinions or commentary.

What Are the Various Types of Expository Assignments?

Expository assignments can be categorised into five distinct types, each designed to fulfil a specific purpose. Below, we provide a concise overview of each of these assignment types.

1. Classification Assignment

The classification assignment focuses on organising items or concepts into different categories. It elaborates on this classification by providing examples and explaining their relevance to the initial topic. For instance, if you’re a food critic composing an assignment on cuisines, you might categorise them into groups such as Mexican, Italian, Indian, etc. Furthermore, you can break down the Italian cuisine category into subcategories like pasta, pizza, lasagna, and more.

2. Definition Assignment

In the English language, words often carry multiple meanings. Therefore, a definition assignment is employed to clarify a term and its intended sense in various contexts. It also delves into the word’s origins to enhance the reader’s understanding. This assignment type is frequently used to elucidate scientific terminology.

3. Process Assignment

The process assignment provides a step-by-step explanation of “how something is done” or “how something works.” Unlike other assignments, it doesn’t provide a detailed description of a subject but rather offers a concise overview. Think of it as akin to a recipe book, complete with a list of ingredients, instructions, and precautions.

4. Compare and Contrast Assignment

In a compare and contrast assignment, the writer concurrently examines two or more topics. This approach highlights their differences and similarities, facilitating a thorough analysis of the subject matter. The assignment organises information into either block style or point-by-point style, depending on the chosen structure.

5. Cause and Effect Assignment

The cause-and-effect assignment explores the origins of a particular subject and examines its consequences. In some instances, it may also make predictions about future developments. A prominent example of this type of explanatory assignment involves studying the causes and impacts of World Wars I and II.

Now that you know the types of explanatory academic writing, let’s move ahead and learn the structure of an Explanatory assignment.

Structure of an Explanatory Assignments

An explanatory assignment typically adheres to a standard five-paragraph structure, which we will elucidate in the following subsections:


The initial section of the assignment is the introduction. It encompasses a hook statement, background information, and a clearly defined thesis statement concerning the topic.

This part serves the purpose of providing readers with a foundational understanding of the subject matter and expounds upon the broader context and theories related to the topic while establishing the importance of studying it. Make sure that the introduction of your explanatory assignment not only introduces the central idea but also rationalises its relevance and necessity.

Body Paragraphs

The body of the assignment comprises three paragraphs, each dedicated to explaining and substantiating the initial thesis.

Within these paragraphs, you should delve into a comprehensive discussion of the topic, addressing any potential questions or concerns that might arise in the reader’s mind.

It is better to employ various sources to support your arguments, maintain a neutral standpoint, and avoid leading readers in a biased direction. The most effective approach is to dedicate a separate paragraph to each distinct viewpoint.


The concluding section of the explanatory assignment provides a concise summary of the entire content. It should highlight the key points and the evidence presented throughout the assignment and provide an opportunity for the readers to briefly revisit the assignment’s main arguments.

Conclude the explanatory assignment by addressing any remaining uncertainties in the reader’s mind and reinforcing your argument’s validity, all while avoiding taking a definitive side on the topic.

Final Thoughts

The explanatory assignment is a versatile and informative type of academic writing that allows writers to delve into a topic, provide clarity, and impart knowledge to their readers. But it’s essential to determine the type of explanatory assignment you’re working on.

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